The Interior Ministry is responsible for maintaining law and order in the country. Its duties are varied and broad, which in turn calls for many departments with different responsibilities.
Police and Security
Kuwait’s law and order machinery carries out its operations through a variety of specialised departments and professionals — criminal detectives, supply, traffic and patrol, nationality and travel documents, the Police Academy, investigations, planning and organisation, legal affairs, special security forces, immigration affairs, border security, coast guards, trials and military councils, civil defense, Arab and international police, security facilities, criminal sentences, execution and prisons.
State-of-the-art security systems and computers have been placed at the service of the police; each car driven on the streets of Kuwait has a corresponding file encapsulating its details in the police computer. The police also keeps track of every person who is barred by law from leaving or entering the country. The Ministry has provided the Department of Criminal Evidence with the most modern scientific equipment, which helps security agencies in analysing material found at the crime scene.
Training and rehabilitating policemen has been the top priority of the Interior Ministry. In 1965, the Kuwait Police Academy was set up to provide the country with the much required police officers and police science professionals. The duration of study at the Academy is two to four years, and each year has two academic terms.
Women have been incorporated as staff in some Interior Ministry departments such as Criminal Evidence, Airport Police and the Public Department of Investigations.
Following liberation, the Ministry took steps to further strengthen security and stability in the country by increasing the number of patrols, and opening a number of commands and police stations in the capital governorate. The Ministry also organised courses in inspection and training, controlling residency and traffic law violations, and establishing round-the-clock inspection posts in various areas.
Civil Defence has become one of the most necessary security requirements in modern times, especially in cases of emergency and natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods or external invasion. The Ministry of Interior has thus given top priority to the Department of Civil Defence, which counts on highly trained manpower, modern equipment and alarm systems.
Governors and Governorate Councils
The Interior Ministry is also responsible for assisting the Governor of each governorate in discharging his duties as and when required. Further, the Interior Minister is on the board of the Governorates Affairs Council, which is headed by the Prime Minister and which looks after the performance of various governorate councils.